Where Do Hamsters Come From?
If you having a pet hamster, it is great that you know from where these hamsters came from and how they came to your home as a pet. Hamsters did not keep as pets from start and not humans look after them. They were wild animals and making their own nest and burrows, to live.
Here are some interesting things about hamsters, which will help you to understand the history of hamsters.
History of Hamsters
Hamsters were discovered in 1839 by Gorge Robert Waterhouse. He was the British zoologist, who named the animal ‘Mesocricetus auratus’, means golden hair. So, this is the reason the Syrian hamsters also known as Golden hamsters.
A female Syrian hamster and her litter were captured in Syria (Aleppo), in 1930 and taken to a laboratory. In Jerusalem, these hamsters were bred successfully. In the laboratory, their behavior was studied and found that they are friendly and easy to look after. So they kept as pets the first time at home.
After a behavioral study of the Syrian hamster, the Jerusalem lab employees sent hamsters to laboratories everywhere in the world. One year later, these original breeding hamsters were exported to the USA, where these Syrian hamsters kept as a pet and became laboratory animals. The Syrian hamsters were first transported to the United States of America in 1938, and by 1946 they were very common pets there. Nowadays dog, cat, fish, and rabbit can consider more common than hamster as a pet.
Every one of these domesticated Syrian hamsters traces its heredity back to that Syrian ‘Eve’ of all hamsters, back in Aleppo around 1930.
Relative studies of domestic hamsters and wild Syrian hamsters have shown reduced inherited variability in the domestic strain. Though, the differences in social, morphometric, hematological, and biological factors are comparatively minor and fall into the expected range of interstrain changes in other laboratory animals.
National Hamster Council was made in the UK, in 1949. This is the first and oldest Hamster institution in the world. The US lacks a countrywide organization compares to this, but there are a small number of regional organizations, such as the California Hamster Association (CHA).
The word “hamster” is derived from the German word, “Hamstra”, which is used for the hoarder. It refers to the habit of animals for hoarding food; however, they collect food in their nest or cheek pouches. The wild hamsters do this action practically and store a big amounts of food during their waking hours in their burrows. They use this collected food in the winter season or any difficult time. The collective noun for a group of hamsters is “horde”.
This does not matter how much food they collect in the year. You will often find piles of food that your hamster has wisely stored and hoarded, in the cage and around their cage, under bedding and other areas.
Hamsters belong to the rodent families, which are related to rats, gerbils and guinea pigs. The Syrian hamsters consider the biggest domestic breed, having 7 inches lengths. The European hamsters are the largest breed in the wild hamsters, which are 8-14 inches long and having an extra 2 inches long tail.
The hamster has a stout body with a short tail and short legs. Their short legs are very strong; they dig tunnels easily with their legs. They are subterranean creatures, can walk up to 8 miles searching for food.
Their bodies are covered with fur, which keeps them warm in winter. This is one of the common features that he stuff loads of food in his cheek pouches, which can spread as far out as his shoulder. They spend a lot of time storing food in their burrows for later use.
Hamsters are rodents
Hamsters are rodents. The rodents are the gnawing animals that include rats, mice, squirrels, hamsters, porcupines, etc. They are famed by strong continuously growing front teeth and no canine teeth. They relate the large groups of mammals that have occupied most parts of the earth.
Several of the animals from rodent families live in burrows or trees. They live there to keep them safe from predators because many animals hunt rodents.
The Syrian hamsters are small rodents, which are cute and active. They are most popular in the rodent family and liked by children. Most of the parents want these small pets for their children because of their attractiveness and cuteness. They are easy to handle and inexpensive pets.
From where these 5 most common Breeds of hamsters originate?
There are 5 most common breeds of hamsters, which are kept as pets in homes. These are Syrian or golden hamster, Chinese Hamster, Winter White Hamster, Russian Campbell Dwarf Hamster, and Roborovski Dwarf Hamster.
As we discussed above that Syrian hamsters are first found in Syria. These are also known as golden hamsters because of their golden hair.
Chinese Hamsters were first time found in Mongolia and Northern China on steppes, desert fringes, and rocky territory.
Winter White Hamsters originate from Siberia, Eastern Kazakhstan in grasslands and had to deal with low temperatures and even snow.
Russian Campbell Dwarf Hamsters originate from Russia, China, and central Asia and they lived in waterless areas on dry open steppes.
Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters first time found in sandy and dry areas in the deserts of Mongolia, Russia, and China.